Anti-Jewish Boycott, 1933

Anti-Jewish Boycott

Nazi propaganda portrayed the Jews as being a problem. In simple terms, they suggested that:

* The Jews were ruining and had ruined Germany
* The Jews owned far more than the Germans
* The Jews were conspiring together (and with Jews of other nations) to liquidate German wealth and capital for their own uses.
* The Jews were not a religion but a race that couple be biologically categorised and classified.
* The Jews were not wanted nor required in Germany.

Reality:

* There were 500,000 Jews in Germany in 1933 – approximately 0.76% of the population.
* Jews were concentrated in certain areas of Germany.
* 70% lived in big cities
* They were significant in the fields of law, medicine, education, politics, media and commerce.

What should Hitler do first (1933)?

* Hitler’s first concern was to secure his own power.
* The Jews were a hated minority, who were a useful scapegoat, but when he needed to rebuild the economy his anti-Jewish legislation could wait a little longer.
* Economic recovery would be disrupted by attacks on Jewish businesses.

Anti-Jewish Boycott (1933-34)

* The Nazi SA did not always sharer Hitler’s ‘wait-and-see’ tactics.
* In April 1933, after the second set of elections, they set about terrorising individual Jews, damaging synagogues and organising boycotts outside Jewish businesses. Homes and shops were daubed with the Star of David.
* This put Hitler in a quandary: should he support the SA then he would be seen a thug and as brutish. If he sympathised he would be seen as weakening in his stance against Jews and other national undesirables.
* He decided on a nationwide boycott of Jewish businesses and professions.
* Hitler justified his tactics to the moderate and conservative right by suggesting that he was simply responding and reacting to Jewish propaganda in the foreign press.
* Reactions to the boycott were mixed.
* Some cities saw violence, others nothing.
* The general German public were apathetic (disinterested) and continued to shop freely.

This was a precursor to the Holocaust. Later Nazi policy on the Jews is outlined here.

 

 

Weimar Germany Lessons and Teachers Resources

Rise of Hitler revision chart 1-9 GCSE Exam Preparation. Usefulness of Sources: the SA and Nazi methods of control.
Revision exercises@ Life in Nazi Germany 1-9 GCSE History Revision Guide Weimar and Nazi Germany
Teaching resource: How did the Nazi’s rise to power?

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Origins of the Nazi Party 1924-1928: A Golden Era?
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Germany in the Great Depression Rise of the Nazi Party
Failings of the Weimar Republic Totalitarian Regime in Nazi Germany
How did Hitler consolidate power? Mein Kampf
Nazi methods of control Opposition to the Nazi Regime
Organisation of the Nazi Party Fuhrerprinzip
Kristallnacht Youth and Education
Goering and the 2nd 4 Year Plan Anti-Jewish Boycott, 1933
Nazi Anti-Semitism DAF (The German Labour Front)
Propaganda in Germany 1919-39 Economic Policy of the Nazi Party
Weimar Germany Our sister site provides in depth coverage of many aspects of life in Germany at the time of the Weimar Republic
Resistance and Opposition to the Nazi Regime A wide ranging series of articles on the different opposition and resistance movements in Nazi Germany.
Lesson plans, resources and ideas on Nazi Germany A range of lesson plans, teaching resources and links of use in the classroom
Economy under Nazi rule Articles, Resources and Documentation relating to the Economy under Nazi rule
The Holocaust History Teachers’ Resources

Revision Diagrams

Was the Weimar Republic Doomed from the outset? To what extent did Germany recover under Stresemann?
The Nazi Party up to 1929 How did Hitler become Chancellor of Germany?
Who gained from Nazi rule?

Revision Diagrams

Was the Weimar Republic doomed from the start? |To what extent did Weimar recover under Stresemann?
How did the Nazi Party develop up to 1929? How did Hitler become Chancellor?
How did Hitler become Chancellor? How did the Nazi’s create a Totalitarian State?