On June 10th 1483 Richard, Duke of Gloucester sent an urgent message to the City of York. The message contains clues as to his motives for his actions at the time. Whether he believed the claims within the text, or was using them to manipulate the situation in his favour, is a matter of debate.
The text of the message is:
Right trusty and well-beloved … we heartily pray you to come unto us in London as speedily as possible after the sight of this letter with as many well-armed men as possible, to aid and assist us against the Queen, her blood and other adherents and affinity who intend to murder and utterly destroy us and our cousin, the Duke of Buckingham and the old royal blood of this realm.
Richard, Duke of Gloucester. 10th June 1483.
- The perceived threat to Richard at this time. Is this a realistic claim? Is there any evidence to support it?
- The need for armed men. What purpose would this serve? If the claim about a threat was not genuine, would there be any need for such a force?
- No such message was sent to Southern Cities. What does this tell you about Richard’s position at the time?
Battles in the Wars of the Roses
First Battle of St. Albans – Battle of Blore Heath – Battle of Ludford Bridge – Battle of Northampton – Battle of Wakefield – Battle of Mortimer’s Cross – Second Battle of St. Albans Battle of Ferrybridge – Battle of Towton – Battle of Hedgeley Moor – Battle of Hexham – Battle of Edgecote Moor – Battle of Losecote Field – Battle of Barnet – Battle of Tewkesbury – Battle of Bosworth – Battle of Stoke Field
Documents, Maps and Evidence
People and periods
British History – The Wars of the Roses – The Plantagenets – The Tudors – King Henry IV – King Henry V – King Henry VI – King Edward IV – King Edward V – King Richard III – King Henry VII – Margaret of Anjou