Islamic Civilisations: The Life of the Prophet Muhammad and the Ancient City of Baghdad

3 worksheets:

  • The Life of the Prophet Muhammad. This consolidates knowledge, requires external information.
  • The Abbasid City of Baghdad. Explores the city and provides comprehension and knowledge based questions.
  • Source work on the Historic city of Baghdad.


The early Islamic Civilisations are suggested as an optional unit for Key Stage 2 history.

This resource contains:

  • A Worksheet on the Life of the Prophet Muhammad. It includes heads and tails style activities to consolidate understanding of his lifetime and significance.
  • A worksheet incorporating information about the Ancient City of Baghdad. It looks at different aspects of life in the city and several types of building that could be found there.
  • A source based exercise. This introduces pupils to some historical enquiry skills.

From the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad into the age of the Rightly Guided Caliphs Islam spread very quickly. As the new religion became more popular it’s culture developed. Emerging in the Middle East, it was close to the seats of learning that were fast becoming destroyed in Europe. The Islamic empire as it became, took the books from the classical period, translated them and continued to study and explore the ideas within them.

Abbasid Baghdad, Islamic Capital City. Worksheet KS2 History

The great empire soon had the great buildings to match it’s size. A large Capital city was built for the Islamic Abbasid Empire, modern day Baghdad. Universities were established. An army, driven by faith and loyalty, became feared and respected. Of course this army clashed with the West, in the Crusades. With the city of Jerusalem being viewed as Holy by the three major religions of the region, the rights of pilgrims to visit, control of the holy sites and surrounding areas and the trade that could be generated from the region became highly politicised.

The leaders of this growing empire came from both a faith background and the military. Islam saw her followers establish two different views of their faith: modern day Sunni and Shia. Throughout the expanse of the empire they sought to create the largest and most beautiful mosques. Art flourished. To this day there are outstanding examples of this early islamic architecture and art, ranging from Moorish construction in Spain to the mosques of Jerusalem, Damascus and of course Medina and Mecca.