Date

Type of link

Summary and evidence link

Roman Britain

Anglo-Saxon

Slavery:

National Context

There is a description of Slavery in the Anglo-Saxon period in, "A History of Yorkshire
from Bulmer's Gazetteer (1892)
."

The Saxons called the native Britons, 'wealas', which meant foreigner or slave, from this derogatory term Cymru became Wales. Evidence link

 

14th century

Slavery:

DIRECT local link

Slavery:

International Context

The first African Slaves are transported to the Americas by Spanish traders.

Evidence link

1562

Slavery:

National context

John Hawkins first voyage to Sierra Leone.

1618

Slavery:

National context

Slavery:

REGIONAL links

Members of the Batt family (of Oakwell Hallsolid black .5pt;mso-border-left-alt:solid black .5pt; mso-border-alt:solid black .5pt;padding:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt'>

Slavery:

REGIONAL links

Rev. Zechariah Symmes, an early settler in the new world wrote: "Much ado I have with my own family, hard to get a servant glad of catechising or family duties. I had a rare blessing of servants in Yorkshire and those I brought over were a blessing, but the young brood doth much afflict me." He is referring to the negro slaves that his family now had. Evidence link

1660

Evidence link

1672

Slavery:

National Context

Royal African Company established.

Evidence link

1697

Slavery:

DIRECT local link

1713-1717

Slavery:

REGIONAL links

Henry Lascelles had a share in 21 slave ships and was partly responsible for the trading of thousands of human beings.(Harewood House)

Evidence link

1720-1772

Slavery:

REGIONAL links

Diary of John Woolman. Woolman travelled extensively through North America and recorded his thoughts about and experiences of Slavery. In later life he travelled throughout Yorkshire giving talks about what he had seen in Slave run plantations etc.

Evidence link

1750

Slavery:

REGIONAL links

Francis Barber is brought from Jamaica as a Slave. He spends a year in a Yorkshire school before being sent to London to become the valet to Dr Samuel Johnson. Evidence link

1750

1744-1786

Slavery:

INDIRECT local link

Liverpool shipping documents include references to ships related to the Wool Trade.

Evidence link.

Evidence link (Wool Registers Act section)

1756

Slavery:

REGIONAL links

 

Slavery:

INDIRECT local link

The Canal systems built during the Industrial Revolution enabled the expansion of triangular trade, including export of goods such as Wool. Also imports of goods from enslaved areas.

Evidence link 1

1772

Slavery:

National context

The Somerset Case is heard in London.

1772

Slavery:

REGIONAL links

John Woolman, a Quaker who had moved to York to preach about the horrors of Slavery, dies.

Evidence link

1772-1778

Slavery:

REGIONAL links

Robert Foster, who later inherited Hebblethwaite Hall, Sedbergh, Yorkshire, visits all of the British West Indies isles except Jamaica (by jody). He also fights against the French whilst on board Royal Navy vessels. He later campaigns on behalf of William Wilberforce in election campaigns. Evidence link

1773

Slavery:

REGIONAL links

Robert Walker, a Quaker from Gildersome, travels to America. He later reports to Parliament on conditions Slaves endured. His death was discussed at a meeting of Yorkshire Quakers in Bradford in March, 1786.

Evidence link

1774

Slavery:

National Context

John Wesley publishes his denunciation of the Slave Trade.

1775

Slavery:

REGIONAL links

The Spencer family fortune is inherited by Walter Spencer. He is a friend of William Wilberforce and actively campaigns for the abolition of the Slave Trade.

Evidence link

1782

Slavery:

REGIONAL links

1783

Slavery:

REGIONAL links

Christopher Fredrick Triebner makes a claim for Slave losses incurred at the hands of American Loyalists. Triebner is a preacher of German descent who preached in Hull. In died in Leeds in1815. Evidence link

1783

Slavery:

National Context

The Zong Case is heard in London.

1784-1833

Slavery:

REGIONAL links

William Wilberforce, MP for Hull, leads the campaign for the abolition of Slavery.

Evidence link

1787

Slavery:

REGIONAL links

By 1787 the Lascelles family had a financial involvement in 47 plantations across the whole of the West Indies.

Evidence link

1788

 

Dolben Act. Introduces regulations for Slave Trading ships. Minimum requirements introduced relating to conditions on board. Evidence link

1789

Slavery:

REGIONAL links

Sheet metal workers from Sheffield petition Parliament calling for the abolition of Slavery. This is a particuMsoNormal style='margin-bottom:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;line-height: normal'>Slavery:

REGIONAL links

Olaudah Equiano visits Sheffield and speaks about his experiences as a Slave. Evidence Link

1791

Slavery:

REGIONAL links

William Black, a migrant from Yorkshire to Nova Scotia, is appointed as a Methodist Preacher. He preaches to Black Loyalist congregations about freedom. Evidence link

1791

Slavery:

REGIONAL links

Susannah Atkinson writes to Gustavus Vassa (Olaudo Equiano) on 29 March 1791 to apologise for the treatment he received in Huddersfield. Evidence Link

1792

Slavery:

REGIONAL links

The Leeds Intelligencer reported on 5 March 1792 that the city's inhabitants wondered how African converts could be won when they suffered 'the cruelty and injustice of those Christian States who are the authors of their present misery'.

Evidence link

1793

Slavery:

REGIONAL links

8000 people sign a petition from the people of Sheffield calling for an end to the Slave Trade. Evidence link

1801

1802

Slavery

1807

Slavery:

REGIONAL links

Henry Lascelles, 2nd Earl of Harewood, stands for Parliament against William Wilberforce (he fails to gain election and Slavery is the main campaigning issue).

Evidence link

1807

Slavery:

National context

Parliament passes an act prohibiting the importation of Slaves.

1809

Slavery:

REGIONAL links

Slavery:

REGIONAL links

Skelmanthorpe Flag. This flag was a protest banner that was created the end of the posting. Evidence Link

1823

Slavery:

1824

Slavery:

REGIONAL links

Sheffield Society for Abolition of Slavery founded. Evidence link

1825 (circa)

Slavery:

DIRECT local link

Ira Aldridge, the first classical black stage actor in the UK marries Margaret Gill of Yorkshire. Evidence link

1830

Slavery:

DIRECT local link

Lecture on the substance of British Colonial Slavery given by Benjamin Godwin.

Evidence link (Page 318)

7th June 1830

Slavery:

DIRECT local link

Petitions to the House of Lords calling for the immediate end of Slavery were heard from: The inhabitants of Bradford; Thornton and Clayton; Shipley; the Freeholders of Wilsden cum Allerton; Bowling; Horton and North Bierley.

Evidence link.

12th November 1830

Slavery:

DIRECT local link

Petitions sent to the Lords from:

Wesleyan Methodist Chapel at Eccleshill, Eastbrook Chapel in Bradford

Evidence link

Petitions sent to the Lords from:

 

Methodist Chapel, Skipton

Inhabitants of the Township of Rawden

15th November 1830

Slavery:

DIRECT local link

Petitions sent to the Lords from:

Members of a Society and Congregation of Wesleyan Methodists worshipping God at their Chapel, Bradford Moor, Wesleyan Methodists worshipping at Calverley, Morton Banks Chapel,

November 1830

Slavery:

DIRECT local link

Similar petition sent to the house of Lords from Queenshead Chapel, Bradford.

Evidence link

1830

Slavery:

COMPARISON with local conditions

Evidence Link

14th April 1831

Slavery:

DIRECT local link

Petition sent to the house of Lords by Wesleyan Methodists of Bradford and another from the Baptists of Keighley,

Evidence link

1833

Slavery:

REGIONAL links

1833-1840

Slavery:

DIRECT local link

The Spence family of Gildersome (a branch of the family also lived in North Shields) had 3 servants, one of whom was an escaped Slave from Virginia. Evidence link

1834

Slavery:

National Context

Slavery abolished in all British territories.

1836

Slavery:

DIRECT local link

1838

Slavery:

REGIONAL links

Slavery:

DIRECT local link

Slaves in the United States were issues with Woollen blankets, mainly produced in Yorkshire, to sleep under. Evidence link

1841

Slavery:

DIRECT local link

1849

Slavery:

REGIONAL links

Angus Bethune Reach observes that waste cloth and wool in Yorkshire mills is transported to America to be used for Slaves garments.

Evidence link

1850

Slavery:

REGIONAL links

Evidence link

May 1860

Slavery:

1861

Slavery:

DIRECT local link

1863

Slavery:

DIRECT local link

Anti-Slavery Demonstration held in Bradford.

Evidence link

1865

Slavery:

International Context

Slavery abolished in the United States.

1881

Slavery:

DIRECT local link

Census returns show a number of people who had links with Slavery and whom had probably migrated following the end of Slavery in the Empire and the United States. (Bradford and across the region)

Evidence Link

 

Notes:

Many other petitions were sent to the House of Lords from chapels in the Bradford area. Only a selection of these have been included in this document. To find out whether petitions were sent from your local area, go to Evidence link

The Bruce family (North Yorks) sold a plantation to a former slave in 1849. Evidence link.

Parker family of Browsholme Hall. Evidence link

Thomas Bates of Halifax was a business partner of plantation owners. Evidence link

Interesting Links / Articles

http://www.archive-it.org/collections/866

http://www.unlockingthearchives.rgs.org/

http://www.history.org.uk/pdfs/Multi.doc

http://www.artscouncil.org.uk/aboutus/project_detail.php?rid=0&sid=&browse=recent&id=586

 

http://130.246.192.28/

 

http://slavetrade.parliament.uk/slavetrade/index.html

 

http://www.amdigital.co.uk/collections/Slavery-Abolition-and-Social-Justice-1490-2007/Default.aspx

 

http://www.antislavery.org/breakingthesilence/

 

http://hitchcock.itc.virginia.edu/Slavery/index.php

 

http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/pathways/blackhistory/africa_caribbean/africa_trade.htm

 

http://www.setallfree.net/

 

http://www.antislavery.org/2007/eventstimetable.htm

 

http://portal.unesco.org/education/en/ev.php-URL_ID=29704&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html

 

http://www.globalgateway.org.uk/default.aspx?page=2966

 

http://www.24hourmuseum.org.uk/nwh_gfx_en/ART45540.html

 

http://www.understandingslavery.com/

 

http://www.hlf.org.uk/English/features/rememberingslavery

 

http://www.johnnewton.org/Default.aspx

 

http://www.urc.org.uk/archive_frontpage/abolition_of_the_slave_trade/index.htm

 

http://gallery.nen.gov.uk/gallery0-abolition.html

 

http://www.realhistories.org.uk/uploads/File/VAP.pdf

 

South East

http://www.blackhistory4schools.com/slavetrade/

http://www.comptonhistory.com/tasc/slavery.htm

http://portal.unesco.org/culture/en/ev.php-URL_ID=33822&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html

http://www.molg.org.uk/English/NewsRoom/Archived07/TransatlanticSlaveTrade.htm

http://www.24hourmuseum.org.uk/nwh_gfx_en/ART50868.html

http://profile.myspace.com/index.cfm?fuseaction=user.viewprofile&friendID=199634966

http://www.timeout.com/london/features/286.html

http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.cgi?path=158501094373054

http://www.itzcaribbean.com/bicentenary_abolition_slavery.php

http://www.london.gov.uk/slavery/webcasts/index.jsp

http://www.camden.gov.uk/ccm/content/press/2007/may/camden-commemorates-the-abolition.en;jsessionid=C381DC6F3813809292965F5D90B9E459.node1

http://www.christiantoday.com/article/walk.of.witness.to.mark.bicentenary.of.slave.trade.abolition/8577.htm

http://www.hertsdirect.org/libsleisure/heritage1/HALS/hidden/

http://www.mlasoutheast.org.uk/whatwedo/equality/culturaldiversity/

http://www.brent.gov.uk/heritage.nsf/24878f4b00d4f0f68025663c006c7944/c587165488ddf4788025728b004c4e99!OpenDocument

South West

http://bristol.indymedia.org/article/27120

 

http://www.electricpavilion.org/bristolslavetrade/

 

http://www.24hourmuseum.org.uk/bristol/news/ART23326.html?ixsid=

 

http://www.24hourmuseum.org.uk/nwh/ART54179.html

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2005/mar/04/fairtrade.ethicalliving

 

http://www.bristol.gov.uk/ccm/content/Leisure-Culture/Local-History-Heritage/abolition-200.en?page=15

 

http://www.discoveringbristol.org.uk/about.php

 

http://www.englandpast.net/education/bristol_index.html

 

http://www.empiremuseum.co.uk/exhibitions/st2007.htm

 

http://www.exeter.gov.uk/index.aspx?articleid=6690

 

http://www.plymouth.gov.uk/newsreleases?newsid=152949

 

Midlands

http://www.leicester.gov.uk/your-council--services/lc/events/major-events-2008/bicentenary

 

http://www.nottinghamcity.gov.uk/sitemap/services/leisure_and_culture/lc-general-events-diary-2007/slavetrade/wedgewood-slavetrade.htm

 

http://www.birmingham.gov.uk/GenerateContent?CONTENT_ITEM_ID=11866&CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE=0&MENU_ID=10596

http://www.bbc.co.uk/leicester/content/image_galleries/abolition_rothley_court_gallery.shtml

http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/server/show/nav.17514

http://www.derby.gov.uk/LeisureCulture/ArtsEntertainment/Cultural+Diversity+and+The+Arts+-+The+Heritage+Project.htm

http://www.indymedia.org.uk/en/2007/03/364863.html 

East Anglia

http://www.bbc.co.uk/norfolk/abolition/

 

http://www.joh.cam.ac.uk/admissions/outreach_access/stacs/

 

http://www.norwichartscentre.co.uk/content/view/1574/53/

 

http://www.norfolkblackhistorymonth.org.uk/exhibitions.html

 

http://www.blackhistorymonthuk.co.uk/listings/east.html

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/suffolk/content/articles/2007/09/27/abolition_exhibition_opens_feature.shtml

http://www.suffolk.gov.uk/News/2007News/09September/AfricanHistoryMonth.htm

http://www.blacknet.co.uk/Stop_Press/Stop_Press/ENGLISH_HERITAGE_TO_REVEAL_SLAVERY_AND_ABOLITIONIST_LINKS_TO_HERITAGE.html

http://www.rootsweb.com/~engcam/ThomasClarkson.htm

http://www.colchesterblackhistorymonth.com/

North West

http://www.history.org.uk/pdfs/Chains%20and%20Cotton.doc

http://www.ffhs.org.uk/ezine/articles/mlfhs.php

http://www.revealinghistories.org.uk/whats-on/

http://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/whatsonnet/eventseries.aspx?sid=66

http://www.visitnorthwest.com/news/commemorate-the-abolition-of-the-slave-trade-act-with-greater-manchester%E2%80%99s-galleries-and-museums/

http://130.246.192.24/liverpool/news/ART44244.html?ixsid=qioW76bSFD6

 

North East

http://www.hlf.org.uk/NR/rdonlyres/68EA062B-96A7-4A08-B98C-A38FE6F39092/4679/Connectingwiththebicentenary1.pdf

http://www.wilberforce2007.com/index.php?/abolition_of_slavery/abolition_of_slavery/

http://www.york.ac.uk/conferences/abolitions2007/

http://www.mlanortheast.org.uk/nemlac/resources/RememberingSlavery2007Summary.pdf

 

Scotland

http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2007/03/23121622/0

http://www.scotlandandslavery.org.uk/

http://www.scan.org.uk/exhibitions/blackhistory/blackhistory_1.htm

http://www.irr.org.uk/publication/cdrom/

http://www.ltscotland.org.uk/abolition/teachers/resources.asp

 

http://www.aberdeencity.gov.uk/acci/web/site/CouncilNews/pr/pr_slaveknit_200707.asp

 

http://www.shetland.gov.uk/community/news/documents/Abolitionflyer.pdf

 

Wales

http://www.blackhistorymonthuk.co.uk/listings/wales.html

http://www.swica.co.uk/events.html

http://www.cardiff.gov.uk/content.asp?nav=4202,4203&id=5225&parent_directory_id=2865&pagetype=&keyword=&Positioning_Article_ID=&Language=

http://www.hlf.org.uk/English/InYourArea/Wales/News/Remembering+Slavery+2007.htm

http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/history/sites/slavery/pages/nick_skinner.shtml

http://www.valeofglamorgan.gov.uk/our_council/press_office/latest_news/2007/october/new_town_hall_exhibitions.aspx?theme=textonly

http://www.museumwales.ac.uk/en/news/?article_id=400

http://www.mewn-cymru.org.uk/PastEvents.aspx

Northern Ireland

 http://www.qub.ac.uk/schools/SchoolofLaw/Research/HumanRightsCentre/Resources/video/InternationalHumanRightsLawVideoLibrary/SlaveryProjectVideoLibrary/

 

http://www.hlf.org.uk/GEMS/Hidden%20Connections%20FINAL.doc

 

http://hsozkult.geschichte.hu-berlin.de/termine/id=7941&count=471&recno=18&sort=ort&order=up

 

http://www.casbah.ac.uk/surveys/archivereportsPRONI.stm

 

http://www.belfastcity.gov.uk/news/news.asp?id=1047&month=October%202007