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Other Protest Movements of the Industrial Revolution

Other Protest Movements

1816 Spa Fields Riots

A war with France had lasted from 1793-1815. It had cost a lot of money and as a result businesses had closed down, workers had lost their jobs, wages were low, taxes were high and bread was very expensive. The government was lobbied by radicals who wanted change. The rich Tories who held power refused to make any reforms at all. In December 1816 a group of these protesters organised a meeting in Spa Fields, near London. Middle class objectors did not join in as they thought the leaders had gone too far. Protestors broke into a gunsmiths shop and marched on London. The army stopped them and arrested 300 rioters.

1817 Derbyshire Rising

A rising happened in Derbyshire because the poor couldn’t afford to buy bread or find work. Those lucky enough to have a job were paid very little. The protestors armed themselves with guns and pikes. They marched on Nottingham but lacked any real support from the people. When the army appeared they fled. The leaders were caught and later beheaded.

1819 The Peterloo Massacre

On August 16th 1819 60,000 people met at a large rally in central Manchester. Most of them were unemployed or very poor workers. They had gone to listen to Henry Hunt who was speaking about changes that the government should make. Although the crowd were peaceful the army were ordered to arrest Hunt. The Army killed 11 people and badly injured 400 of the defenceless crowd. People from the working classes and middle class were shocked at this. The government did nothing about the massacre, the soldiers had been following orders.

1820 the Cato Street Conspiracy

For some people the extreme hunger was too much. A group of radicals led by Arthur Thistlewood were among these people. They plotted to blow up all of the leading ministers of the government (a bit like Guy Fawkes). They were betrayed and captured by government agents. Thistlewood was the last man to be beheaded in this country: they hung him first though!

The Chartists        The Luddites        The Swing Riots        The Rebecca Riots        Other protest Movements. 

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Recommended Resources - new site. Including Blog and use of twitter for free text / IM revision tips. highly recommends these sites: - new site aiming to provide an accessible narrative for GCSE History pupils. - fantastic range of interactive games, revision materials and links. - outstanding use of ICT to engage pupils. - a brilliant range of learning activities from Ian Dawson - simply the best for Modern World GCSE students - resources and CPD materials from the Historical Association. - make your lessons 'real' with artefacts and living history provided by experts - same author as this site, just put together in a slightly different way! - all new resources for teachers and pupils of the SHP Medicine course - A new site providing resources for teachers and pupils of the Crime and Punishment unit - excellent range of photographs of Yorkshire scenery. Militaria - a range of interesting pieces of militaria is available via tihs site
The Turkey Inn, Goose Eye, Oakworth - great historical public house with loads of great beer and a lovely atmosphere