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Queen Mary

Queen Mary

Queen Mary was the eldest of King Henry VIII's children. Her mother was Henry's first wife, Catherine of Aragon. Mary's life was very much like a roller coaster. She was treated like a princess and as an outcast during her youth, was both heir to the throne and disinherited. Mary had to live through moments of extreme torment yet she also rose to the heights of being crowned Queen Mary of England and Wales: the first female monarch to hold sole monarchical power in England. Queen Mary's childhood was in parts very happy. She was brought up according to her mothers wishes and became a devout Roman Catholic. She was virtually ignored by the rest of the Royal household following the marriage of her father to Anne Boleyn and was only granted the rights of inheritance following the birth of Edward. Following the brief reigns of her brother, Edward, and that of the usurper, Lady Jane Grey, Mary became queen of England in 1533. She immediately faced hostility from the English people who were suspicious of her Catholicism and spiteful of the fact that she had married a Spanish Prince: Phillip. Mary had to overcome some of the religious changes that had been imposed on England and Wales over the course of both her fathers and brothers reigns. As a Catholic it was important for her to recognise the Pope as the head of the church and so she made peace with Rome and started to rebuilt the Catholic Church in England. One way of doing this was by force: 280 people were executed for heresy (having the wrong religious belief) during Queen Mary's reign. This included several of her fathers most trusted Ministers, Thomas Cranmer the Archbishop of Canterbury for example. Queen Mary's reign ended in 1558. She died childless, having, like her father before her, failed to produce an heir to the throne. This meant that England would again be governed by a protestant, Mary's younger sister, Elizabeth.

The Tudor Dynasty
Significant events of the Tudor period
Personalities of the era

 

 

 

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Recommended Resources

Medicinethroughtime.co.uk - new site. Including Blog and use of twitter for free text / IM revision tips.

   

 

SchoolsHistory.org.uk highly recommends these sites:

gcsehistory.org.uk - new site aiming to provide an accessible narrative for GCSE History pupils.
Schoolhistory.co.uk - fantastic range of interactive games, revision materials and links.
ActiveHistory.co.uk - outstanding use of ICT to engage pupils.
Thinkinghistory.co.uk - a brilliant range of learning activities from Ian Dawson
JohnDClare.net - simply the best for Modern World GCSE students
History.org.uk - resources and CPD materials from the Historical Association.
Historyboxes.com - make your lessons 'real' with artefacts and living history provided by experts
Schoolshistory.com - same author as this site, just put together in a slightly different way!
Medicinethroughtime.co.uk - all new resources for teachers and pupils of the SHP Medicine course
Crimeandpunishmentthroughtime.co.uk - A new site providing resources for teachers and pupils of the Crime and Punishment unit
Rouseabout.co.uk - excellent range of photographs of Yorkshire scenery.
Wallarms.com Militaria - a range of interesting pieces of militaria is available via tihs site
The Turkey Inn, Goose Eye, Oakworth - great historical public house with loads of great beer and a lovely atmosphere