Interwar Years c1918-1939

The Inter-War Years

As the first world war came to an end the great powers set out to ensure that such a conflict would never happen again. With varying thoughts and approaches to the defeated central powers, a series of peace treaties were drawn up. Accompanied by a League of Nations to arbitrate on disputes and work on a wide ranging series of initiatives to promote togetherness, there was an aim, encapsulated in Woodrow Wilson’s 14 points, of a lasting peace.

The Gap in the Bridge Cartoon

From the outset, this aim of a peaceful post war world was challenged. As the old order gave way to new types of government there was uncertainty, instability and challenge to authority. Financially many countries were crippled by the debts incurred by the attrition of the first world war. Schemes such as the Dawes Plan set out to ease debts and help Europe recover. In some ways and for periods of time their was sign of hope. Culturally there was something of a renaissance with art flourishing in the 20’s and the Jazz Age signalling an entirely different way of socialising.

However, despite glimmers of hope and signs of prosperity there was a dark undercurrent of unrest and despair throughout the era.

The Inter War Years    
End of the First World WarThe Peace TreatiesThe Treaty of VersaillesWashington ConferenceMussolini becomes Italian Premier
Lenin's Death and its consequencesDawes PlanLocarno PactLitvinov Proposal
Manchurian CrisisStalin's PurgesHitler appointed Chancellor of GermanyAbyssinian CrisisSpanish Civil War
Munich AgreementNazi Soviet PactKellog-Briand PactYoung PlanThe Great Depression