College Sit In’s and other protests

Student Protests in the 1960’s.

Student Protesters in the 1960’s

On February 1st, 1960, four Black students from North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University staged the first ‘sit in’ at a Woolworth’s lunch counter. The four went into the shop, bought stationary and supplies and then went to the lunch counter. They knew that they would not be served. They politely asked to be served and when refused, simply sat down. The next day they returned to the counter with 27 classmates. They again asked to be served, were refused and again, sat down until the store either served them, or closed. They repeated this with increasing numbers of students attending these sit ins until it got to the point where there were picket lines outside the store. The sit in’s stopped only because the store was forced to close due to a bomb threat. The idea of the non violent protest quickly spread and by mid February some 54 sit ins had been staged in 15 cities. By the summer of 1960 the protesters had convinced Woolworth’s to desegregate its lunch counters.

The success of the lunch counter sit in was then used in other places where segregation occured, such as Libraries, art galleries, parks and swimming pools.

Student Non Violent Coordinating Committee

Freedom Rides

Student groups were also highly active in other elements of the Civil Rights movement.

Links:

PRI.org – recollections of the Student Sit ins.

JFK Library – the Civil Rights Movement.

The United States c1945-1971

The Red ScareImpact of the Second World War on Civil RightsCivil Rights in 1950
Brown v Topeka Board of EducationLittle Rock High SchoolRosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Protest
Martin Luther King JnrNation of Islam and Malcolm XThe Black Panthers
Ku Klux Klan in the 1960'sMarch on WashingtonCivil Rights Acts
Immigration Act of 1965Chicano movement and Civil Rights for Hispanic AmericansCollege Sit In's and Student Protests
Women's RightsNative Americans and Civil Rights