Did the economic crisis of 1923 aid the Nazi party?
The economic crisis of 1923 led to rifts in government. Coalition governments struggled to agree a suitable course of action and as a result the democratic process fell into decline. Parts of Germany were in a state of emergency and the opponents of the Weimar state used the situation to try and further destabilise the situation. In 1923 there were many strikes, fuelling a fear of Communism amongst the middle classes. They in turn looked, on an increasing level, to the right wing for support. This plays into the hands of political groups such as the NSDAP (Nazi Party). Given the climate and the apparent failings of the government to be able to respond to challenges to its authority – the Kapp Putsch had not been dealt with in a particularly convincing manner, it appears to be an ideal opportunity to challenge the government. In the case of the Nazi’s, this was to happen as part of a co-ordinated attack on democracy from Nationalist groups in Bavaria. The Munich Putsch was a result of this turmoil.