Roman Invasion of Britain
In 55 and 54BC Julius Caesar came to Britain with a Roman Army. Both times he made some progress into England before returning to France having not successfully conquered Britain. Caesar reported that the Britons were a strange breed of people, that they dyed themselves blue and were very barbaric. Caesar’s visit may not have overwhelmed the island but the Romans now new that Britain really did exist (many people thought that it was a magical or even made up Island before his visit) and that it had lots of valuable crops and minerals.
Ideas of invading Britain faded until Claudius became Emperor in AD41. He was eager for people to think of him as a strong man and knew that a successful war would make people in Rome like him. he chose to invade Britain.
The Roman Army sailed from Boulogne in France across the English Channel and landed at Richborough in Kent. The British tribes met the Romans in a fiercely fought battle at the River Medway. After much bloodshed the Romans emerged victorious and 4 Legions went on to conquer all of England, much of Wales and parts of Scotland.
Remains of the time that the Romans were in control of Britain are not hard to find. The City of York has much that was made at this time and Hadrian’s Wall is testament to the impact of the Romans on this country.
|Romulus and Remus||Development and Growth of Rome||Roman Government: Monarchy, Principate, Emperors|
|Roman Army||Roman invasion of Britain||Caratacus|
|Boudica and the Iceni Rebellion||Roman Gladiators||Julius Caesar|