Shops Act 1911
The Shops Act of 1911 built on previous legislation to improve conditions for workers in retail. The Act introduced a half day in each working week. This built on previous legislation (1886) that limited the working hours in retail of those under 18 years of age to 74 hours per week.
The Shops Act also made provision for the fact that many shops had few employees. This meant that replacing one worker for a half day could be hard, if not impossible. The Shops Act 1911 dealt with this issue by introducing an early closing day. This meant that retailers would have to open for a half day once a week. At the time, legislation was also in place limiting the types of work and retail that could operate on Sundays.