The Luddite protest was different in nature to the protests of the Chartists. Croppers, men who worked cloth and were highly skilled, began to be made redundant because of the introduction of new frames in the mills. These frames could be operated manually by an unskilled worker and production was much higher than it had previously been. Annoyed at their rapid loss of status and relative wealth, the Croppers soon became Luddite protesters.
Enraged by the mill owners lack of sympathy for their cause a group of croppers marched on mills in Nottingham, intent on wrecking the frames responsible for their predicament. Soon this method of venting their disapproval had spread into the Northern mill towns and Manchester, Leeds and Bradford found themselves hosting sometimes bloody conflicts between mill owners and the ‘Luddites’.
Such was the disruption caused by the Luddites that the Prime Minister, Stanley Perceval, saw fit to introduce the ‘Frame breaking Act.’ This Act of Parliament outlawed the vigilante tactics of the Luddites and imposed the death penalty on any man found guilty of smashing a frame. The croppers, led by the mythical general, ‘Ned Ludd’, took little notice. Still they sent threats to the mill owners and still they continued to attack mills.
Perhaps in desperation the government then initiated further legislation, known now as the ‘Six Acts’.