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Weimar and Nazi Germany

The Weimar Constitution

The impact of the Treaty of Versailles

1919 -1923: years of crisis?

The Munich Putsch

The Origins of the Nazi Party

1924 - 1929: A Golden era?

Gustav Stresemann

German Foreign Policy 1919 to 1933

Germany in the Depression

The Rise of the Nazi party

From Chancellor to Fuhrer

The failures of Weimar

Creating a totalitarian state

Nazi methods of control

Opposition to the Nazi's

Propaganda

The Economy under the Nazi's

Nazi Foreign Policy

Education in Nazi Germany

The Holocaust

 

 

Gustav Stresemann

The period 1925-1929 is often considered to be the golden era of Weimar Germany's political history. Gustav Stresemann was in power, or in positions of influence and Germany gained political power and the economic difficulties started to be overcome. Was this a real 'golden age' though?

Stresemann was a hardworking and honest politician who had the respect of many overseas political leaders. he used this respect to great effect and ensured the economic stability of the nation through the successful negotiation of the Dawes and Young plans. These limited the amount of reparation that Germany had to pay and used loans to stabilise a new Germany currency.

Sensible and progressive foreign policies enabled Germany to come out of the imposed isolation. Germany was finally allowed to become a member of the league of nations in 1925 as a result of the Locarno treaties. This, along with the previously mentioned economic developments ensured that German self esteem was significantly improved, and many of the woes of the early 1920's were forgotten as life, in general was improving for the majority of Germans.

However not all was well in Stresemann's Germany. There was still political instability as no one party could gain a majority in the republic. This meant that decision making was difficult and could easily be overturned at the whim of a minority of parliamentarians. Unemployment did not fall, indeed it rose in the period: which lead to further economic problems.

Further to this it was the case that, despite a general upturn in Germanic fortunes, the nation relied heavily upon the ongoing support of the USA. This support enabled not only the stability of Germany but enabled the high levels of payments that the Weimar government was making on benefits and health care. This reliance would, in time, prove to be disastrous for the German government and democracy.

 

In this unit:

Essential Revision

Key Issues:

  1. How far did Germany recover under Stresemann?
  2. How did the Nazi party develop, upto 1929?
  3. How did Hitler become Chancellor?
  4. Howdid Hitler create a dictatorship?
  5. What were the main features of Totalitarian rule?
  6. What were the benefits of Nazi rule?

Full Germany revision section

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Revise for OCR Modern World History

 

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SchoolsHistory.org.uk highly recommends these sites:

gcsehistory.org.uk - new site aiming to provide an accessible narrative for GCSE History pupils.
Schoolhistory.co.uk - fantastic range of interactive games, revision materials and links.
ActiveHistory.co.uk - outstanding use of ICT to engage pupils.
Thinkinghistory.co.uk - a brilliant range of learning activities from Ian Dawson
JohnDClare.net - simply the best for Modern World GCSE students
Historyboxes.com - make your lessons 'real' with artefacts and living history provided by experts
Schoolshistory.com - same author as this site, just put together in a slightly different way!
Medicinethroughtime.co.uk - all new resources for teachers and pupils of the SHP Medicine course
Crimeandpunishmentthroughtime.co.uk - A new site providing resources for teachers and pupils of the Crime and Punishment unit

Wallarms.com Militaria - a range of interesting pieces of militaria is available via tihs site
The Turkey Inn, Goose Eye, Oakworth - great historical public house with loads of great beer and a lovely atmosphere