trusts were local companies that were se up to maintain
roads. They were toll roads, where the user had to
pay a fee (a toll) to make use of the road. These
trusts were needed because the government did not
finance things such as roads at the time.
trusts would need to raise quite a lot of money to
make improvements to the roads. The image below shows
you what roads were like in the days before tarmac
and regular repairs to roads.
such as these were not really suitable for transporting
fragile goods along. Industrialists needed flat and
hard wearing roads to enable larger wagons to be able
to make use of them safely. Turnpike trusts enabled
this to happen. The diagram below shows what the outcome
of Turnpike trusts was for roads.
everybody was pleased with turnpike Trusts however.
Lots of people were very angry that they had to pay
money to use roads that had previously been free.
In some places there were violent protests about the
roads and toll houses and toll gates were the target
of angry mobs. These protests were called the Rebecca
the industrial Revolution continued and other forms
of transport, such as the Canal and the Railway systems
evolved, the need for Turnpike Trusts was reduced.
Eventually the government and local authorities took
responsibility for making roads. Furthe improvements
were made, by engineers such as Telford, MacAdam and
men used a range of ideas, not too dissimilar to those
that the Romans had used two thousand years earlier,
to make roads flatter, smoother and more hard wearing.
The diagram below shows the way in which each of these
engineers designed their roads, making use of a variety
of types of material.
a form of transport from the list below to find out
more about changes in the way we moved around the
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party. Should my use of them be a breech of copyright
me and Iwill make the neccesarry amendments to