would never have happened so rapidly if it wasn't for the
rapid development of new ideas, methods and machinery. This
page briefly describes a number of these inventions and provides
links to pages that provide more detail about the inventions
that formed the Industrial World.
Spinning jenny was a machine that could spin threads of wool.
It was invented by jasmes hargreaves in 1770 and initially
could spin 8 threads at once. Hargreaves developed this machine
to the extent that it could spin 120 threads at any one time.
These machines were small enough to fit into cottages and
rapidly increased production (by hand a person can only spin
one thread at a time).
Arkwright patented the Water Frame in 1769. It had been designed
by Thomas highs on his behalf. The Water frame was a large
wheel that was turned by running water. This was then harnessed
to turn cogs inside a factory which then made the machinery
work. This invention led to the building of a number of factories
and is regarded by some as being the catalyst of the Industrial
first steam powered devices were pumps. The first practical
one being developed by Thomas Newcomen. This steam powered
pump was used to not only pump water from mines but also to
blow air into furnaces, and for pumping drinking water into
Watt's development of the steam engine led to a large number
of further developments. using steam to create energy meant
that this new form of powering a machine could be used anywhere,
rather than just next to a stream/ river as with the Water
Frame. The steam engine is best associated with the invention
of trains but also was used to power machinery in factories,
to power lifts in mines and for many other purposes.
Power. The industrial revolution gave birth to Hydraulic Power.
struts, cable laying equipment, marine winches and hydraulic
winches are just some things that rely on hydraulic power
Cylinders also rely on hydraulic power.
1801 Richard Trevithick developed a steam powered carriage
that carried passengers on roads, he developed this idea further
and in 1804 created the first locomotive to run on rails (ie
the first train). He then demonstrated an updated version
of his locomotive in london in 1808.
ideas were developed by the George Stephenson. Stephenson
was an engineer in the mining industry and had responsibility
for the steam engines that pulled waggons up from the pit
face. He rapidly developed these engines and built a locomotive
in 1814. he then was appointed chief engineer of the first
'railway' between Stockton and Darlington and later built
the famous 'Rocket' which ran on the Manchester to Liverpool
line which opened in 1830.